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2012 ECE V SEM-B.E CURRICULUM AND SYLLABUS

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Curriculum and Syllabus: B.E. 2012 ECE, AUC 2012
Semester: 5

GE2021, Environmental Science and Engineering

AIM:
The aim of this course is to create awareness in every engineering graduate about the importance of
environment, the effect of technology on the environment and ecological balance and make him/her
sensitive to the environment problems in every professional endeavour that he/she participates.
OBJECTIVES:
At the end of this course the student is expected to understand what constitutes the environment,
what are precious resources in the environment, how to conserve these resources, what is the role
of a human being in maintaining a clean environment and useful environment for the future
generations and how to maintain ecological balance and preserve bio-diversity.

Unit I - Introduction to Environmental Studies and Natural Resources
Definition, Scope and Importance Need For Public Awareness - Forest Resources:- Use and Over - Exploitation, Deforestation, Case Studies - Timber Extraction, Mining, Dams and their Ground Water, Floods, Drought, Conflicts Over Water - Dams - Benefits and Problems Mineral Resources:-Use Effects on Forests and Tribal People - Water Resources:- Use and Over-Utilization of Surface and Exploitation - Environmental Effects of Extracting and Using Mineral Resources, Case Studies - Food Resources: World Food Problems, Changes caused by Agriculture and Overgrazing - Effects of Modern Agriculture, Fertilizer- Pesticide Problems, Water Logging, salinity - Case Studies Energy Resources:- Growing Energy Needs - Renewable and Non Renewable Energy Sources, Use of Alternate Energy Sources - Case Studies Land Resources:- Land as a Resource, Land Degradation, Man Induced Landslides - Soil Erosion and Desertification Role of an Individual in Conservation of Natural Resources - Equitable use of Resources for Sustainable Lifestyles. - Field Study of Local Area to Document Environmental assets - River/Forest/Grassland/Hill/ Mountain.

Unit II - Ecosystems and Biodiversity
Concepts of an Ecosystem ? Structure and Function of an Ecosystem - Producers, Consumers and Decomposers Energy Flow in the Ecosystem Ecological Succession - Food Chains, Food Webs and Ecological Pyramids Introduction, Types, Characteristic Features - Structure and Function of the (A) Forest Ecosystem (B) Grassland Ecosystem - (C) Desert Ecosystem (D) Aquatic Ecosystems - (Ponds, Streams, Lakes, Rivers, Oceans, Estuaries) Introduction to Biodiversity - Definition: Genetic, Species and Ecosystem Diversity Bio geographical Classification of India - Value of Biodiversity: Consumptive Use, Productive Use, Social, Ethical, Aesthetic and Option Values - Biodiversity at Global, National and Local Levels India as a Mega-Diversity Nation - Hot-Spots of Biodiversity Threats to Biodiversity: Habitat Loss, Poaching of Wildlife - Man-Wildlife Conflicts endangered and Endemic Species of India Conservation of Biodiversity: - In-Situ and Ex-Situ conservation of Biodiversity. - Field Study of Common Plants, Insects and Birds - Field Study of Simple Ecosystems - Pond, River,Hill Slopes, etc.

Unit III - Environmental Pollution
Definition Causes, Effects and Control Measures of:- (A) Air Pollution - (B) Water Pollution (C) Soil Pollution (D) Marine Pollution - (E) Noise Pollution (F) Thermal Pollution (G) Nuclear Hazards - Soil Waste Management:- Causes, Effects and Control Measures of Urban and Industrial Wastes - Role of an Individual in Prevention of Pollution - Pollution Case Studies - Disaster Management:- Floods,Earthquake, Cyclone and Landslides.

Unit IV - SOCIAL ISSUES AND THE ENVIRONMENT :
From Unsustainable To Sustainable Development - Urban Problems Related To energy - Water conservation, Rain Water Harvesting, Watershed Management - Resettlement and Rehabilitation of People - Its Problems and Concerns, Case Studies - Environmental Ethics:- Issues and Possible Solutions - Climate Change, Global Warming, Acid Rain - Ozone Layer Depletion - Nuclear Accidents and Holocaust, Case Studies - Wasteland Reclamation - Consumerism and Waste Products - Environment Production Act - Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act - Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act - Wildlife Protection Act Forest Conservation Act - Issues Involved in enforcement of Environmental Legislation - Public Awareness.

Unit V - HUMAN POPULATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT :
Population Growth, Variation Among Nations - Population Explosion - Family Welfare Programme environment and Human Health - Human Rights Value Education - HIV /AIDS Women and Child Welfare - Role of Information Technology in Environment and Human Health Case Studies.

Books information not availableTEXT BOOKS
1. Masters, G.M., -Introduction to Environmental Engineering and Science-, Pearson Education
Pvt., Ltd., 2nd Edition, 2004.
2. Miller, T.G. Jr., -Environmental Science-, Wadsworth Pub. Co.
3. Townsend C., Harper, J. and Begon, M., -Essentials of Ecology-, Blackwell Science,
2003.
4. Trivedi, R.K., and Goel, P.K., -Introduction to Air Pollution-, Techno- Science
Publications.
REFERENCES
1. Erach, B., -The Biodiversity of India-, Mapin Publishing Pvt. Ltd., Ahmedabad, India.
2. Trivedi, R.K., -Handbook of Environmental Law-s, Rules, Guidelines, Compliances and
Standards-, Vol - I and II, Envio Media.
3. Cunningham., Cooper, W.P. and Gorhani, T.H., -Environmental Encyclopedia-, Jaico
Publishing House, Mumbai, 2001.
4. Wages, K.D., -Environmental Management-, W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, USA, 1998.


EC2301, Digital Communication

AIM
To introduce the basic concepts of Digital Communication in baseband and passband domains and to give an exposure to error control coding techniques.

OBJECTIVES
* To study signal space representation of signals and discuss the process of sampling, quantization and coding that are fundamental to the digital transmission of analog signals.
* To understand baseband and bandpass signal transmission and reception techniques.
* To learn error control coding which encompasses techniques for the encoding and decoding of digital data streams for their reliable transmission over noisy channels.

Unit I - DIGITAL COMMUNICATION SYSTEM
Introduction to Analog Pulse Communication Systems - Digital Communication Systems - Functional description - Channel classification - Performance Measure: Geometric representation of Signals - Bandwidth,Mathematical Models of Communication Channel

Unit II - BASEBAND FORMATTING TECHNIQUES
Sampling ,Impulse sampling, Natural Sampling - Sampler Implementation Quantisation - Uniform and Non-uniform - Encoding Techniques for Analog Sources- - Temporal waveform encoding - Spectral waveform encoding - Model-based encoding - Comparison of speech encoding methods.

Unit III - BASEBAND CODING TECHNIQUES
Error Control Codes - Block Codes - Convolutional Codes - Concept of Error Free Communication; - Classification of line codes - desirable characteristics and power spectra of line codes.

Unit IV - BASEBAND RECEPTION TECHNIQUES
Noise in Communication Systems; Receiving Filter - Correlator type, Matched Filter - type; Equalising Filter - Signal and system design for ISI elimination - Implementation, Eye Pattern analysis - Synchronisation; Detector, Maximum Likelihood Detector - Error Probability - Figure-of-Merit for Digital Detection.

Unit V - BANDPASS SIGNAL TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION
Memory less modulation methods - Representation and Spectral characteristics - ASK,PSK, QAM - QPSK, FSK - Bandpass receiving filter - Error performance - Coherent and Non-coherent detection systems.

TEXT BOOKS
1. Amitabha Bhattacharya, Digital Communications, Tata McGraw Hill, 2006.
2. Simon Haykin, Digital Communications, John Wiley, 2006.

REFERENCES
1. John.G. Proakis, Fundamentals of Communication Systems, Pearson Education,2006.
2. Michael. B. Purrsley, Introduction to Digital Communication, Pearson Education,2006.
3. Bernard Sklar, Digital Communication, 2nd Edition, Paerson Education, 2006
4. Herbert Taub & Donald L Schilling Principles of Communication Systems ( 3rd Edition ) Tata McGraw Hill, 2008.
5. Leon W. Couch, Digital and Analog Communication Systems, 6th Edition, Pearson Education, 2001.


EC2302, Digital Signal Processing

AIM
To study the signal processing methods and processors.
OBJECTIVES
To study DFT and its computation
To study the design techniques for digital filters
To study the finite word length effects in signal processing
To study the non-parametric methods of power spectrum estimations
To study the fundamentals of digital signal processors.

Unit I - DISCRETE FOURIER TRANSFORM
DFT and its properties - Relation between DTFT and DFT - FFT computations using Decimation in time - Decimation in frequency algorithms - Overlap add and save methods

Unit II - INFINITE IMPULSE RESPONSE DIGITAL FILTERS
Review of design of analogue Butterworth filter - Review of design of analogue Chebyshev Filters - Frequency transformation in analogue domain - Design of IIR digital filters using impulse invariance technique - Design of digital filters using bilinear transform - pre warping - Realization using direct, cascade and parallel forms

Unit III - FINITE IMPULSE RESPONSE DIGITAL FILTERS
Symmetric and Antisymmetric FIR filters - Linear phase FIR filters - Design using Hamming Hanning and Black mann Windows - Frequency sampling method - Realization of FIR filters Transversal Linear phase and Polyphase structures

Unit IV - FINITE WORD LENGTH EFFECTS
Fixed point and floating point number representations Comparison - Truncation and Rounding errors Quantization noise - derivation for quantization noise power - coefficient quantization error - Product quantization error - Overflow error Round off noise power - limit cycle oscillations due to product roundoff and overflow errors - signal scaling

Unit V - MULTI RATE SIGNAL PROCESSING
Introduction to Multirate signal processing - Decimation and Interpolation - Interpolation-Polyphase - implementation of FIR filters for interpolator and decimator - Multistage implementation of sampling rate conversion - Design of narrow band filters - Applications of Multi rate signal processing

TEXT BOOKS

1. John G Proakis and Manolakis , Digital Signal Processing Principles Algorithms and Applications, Pearson, Fourth Edition 2007.
2. S.Salivahanan, A. Vallavaraj, C. Gnanapriya, Digital Signal Processing , TMH McGraw Hill International 2007.

REFERENCES
1. E.C. Ifeachor and B.W. Jervis, Digital signal processing A practical approach , Second edition Pearson 2002.
2. S.K. Mitra , Digital Signal Processing : A Computer Based approach , Tata Mc GrawHill 1998.
3. P.P.Vaidyanathan, Multirate Systems & Filter Banks, Prentice Hall, Englewood cliffs NJ, 1993.
4. Johny R. Johnson, Introduction to Digital Signal Processing , PHI 2006.


EC2303, Computer Architecture and Organization

AIM
To discuss the basic structure of a digital computer and to study in detail the organization of the Control unit, the Arithmetic and Logical unit, the Memory unit and the I/O unit.
OBJECTIVES
To have a thorough understanding of the basic structure and operation of a digital computer.
To discuss in detail the operation of the arithmetic unit including the algorithms & implementation of fixed-point and floating-point addition, subtraction, multiplication & division.
To study in detail the different types of control and the concept of pipelining.
To study the hierarchical memory system including cache memories and virtual memory.
To study the different ways of communicating with I/O devices and standard I/O interfaces

Unit I - INTRODUCTION :
Computing and Computers, Evolution of Computers - VLSI Era, System Design- Register Level, - Processor Level, CPU Organization - Data Representation, Fixed Point Numbers, Floating Point Numbers - Instruction Formats, Instruction Types - Addressing modes.

Unit II - DATA PATH DESIGN :
Fixed Point Arithmetic, Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division - Combinational and Sequential ALUs - Carry look ahead adder, Robertson algorithm - booths algorithm,non-restoring division algorithm - Floating Point Arithmetic - Coprocessor, Pipeline Processing, Pipeline Design - Modified booths Algorithm

Unit III - CONTROL DESIGN :
Hardwired Control, Microprogrammed Control - Multiplier Control Unit - CPU Control Unit,Pipeline Control - Instruction Pipelines, Pipeline Performance - Superscalar Processing - Nano Programming.

Unit IV - MEMORY ORGANIZATION :
Random Access Memories, Serial ,Access Memories - RAM Interfaces,Magnetic Surface Recording - Optical Memories, multilevel memories - Cache & Virtual Memory - Memory Allocation, Associative Memory.

Unit V - SYSTEM ORGANIZATION :
Communication methods, Buses - Bus Control, Bus Interfacing, - Bus arbitration, IO and system control - IO interface circuits - Handshaking, DMA and interrupts - vectored interrupts, PCI interrupts - pipeline interrupts, IOP organization - operation systems, multiprocessors - fault tolerance, RISC and CISC processors - Superscalar and vector processor.

TEXTBOOKS
1. John P.Hayes, Computer architecture and Organisation, Tata McGraw-Hill, Third edition, 1998.
2. V.Carl Hamacher, Zvonko G. Varanesic and Safat G. Zaky, -Computer Organisation, V edition, McGraw-Hill Inc, 1996.
REFERENCES
1. Morris Mano, Computer System Architecture, Prentice-Hall of India, 2000.
2. Paraami, Computer Architecture-, BEH R002, Oxford Press.
3. P.Pal Chaudhuri, , Computer organization and design, 2nd Ed., Prentice Hall of India, 2007.
4. G.Kane & J.Heinrich, MIPS RISC Architecture-, Englewood cliffs, New Jersey, Prentice Hall, 1992


EC2305, Transmission Lines and Waveguides

Aim
To lay a strong foundation on the theory of transmission lines and wave guides by highlighting their applications.

OBJECTIVES
*To become familiar with propagation of signals through lines
*Understand signal propagation at Radio frequencies
*Understand radio propagation in guided systems
*To become familiar with resonators


Unit I - FILTERS
The neper,the decibel - Characteristic impedance of Symmetrical Networks - Current and voltage ratios Propagation constant - Properties of Symmetrical Networks - Filter fundamentals - Pass and Stop bands. - Behaviour of the Characteristic impedance. - Constant K Filters - m-derived sections - Filter circuit design - Filter performance - Crystal Filters

Unit II - TRANSMISSION LINE PARAMETERS
A line of cascaded T sections - Transmission lines - General Solution - Physical Significance of the equations - The infinite line, wavelength, velocity, propagation - Distortion line, the telephone cable - Reflection on a line not terminated in Zo - Reflection Coefficient - Open and short circuited lines,Insertion loss

Unit III - THE LINE AT RADIO FREQUENCY
Parameters of open wire line and Coaxial cable at RF - Line constants for dissipation - voltages and currents on the dissipation less line - standing waves,nodes,standing wave ratio - Input impedance of open and short circuited lines - power and impedance measurement on lines,lambda/4 line - Impedance matching - single and double-stub matching - circle diagram - smith chart and its applications - Problem solving using Smith chart

Unit IV - GUIDED WAVES BETWEEN PARALLEL PLANES
Application of the restrictions to Maxwells equations - transmission of TM waves between Parallel plans - Transmission of TE waves between Parallel planes - Transmission of TEM waves between Parallel planes - Manner of wave travel Velocities of the waves - characteristic impedance,Attenuators

Unit V - WAVEGUIDES
Application of Maxwells equations to the rectangular waveguide - TM waves in Rectangular guide - TE waves in Rectangular waveguide - Cylindrical waveguides - The TEM wave in coaxial lines - Excitation of wave guides - Guide termination and resonant cavities

TEXT BOOK
1. John D.Ryder, "Networks, lines and fields", Prentice Hall of India, 2nd Edition, 2006.
REFERENCES
1.E.C.Jordan, K.G. Balmain: -E.M.Waves & Radiating Systems, Pearson Education,
2006.
2.Joseph Edminister, Schaums Series, Electromagnetics, TMH, 2007.
3.G S N Raju, Electromagnetic Field Theory and Transmission Lines, Pearson Education, 2006.


EC2304, Microprocessors and Microcontrollers

AIM
To learn the architecture, programming, interfacing and rudiments of system design
of microprocessors and microcontrollers.
OBJECTIVES
To introduce microprocessors and basics of system design using microprocessors.
To introduce h/w architecture, instruction set and programming of 8085 microprocessor.
To introduce the h/w architecture, instruction set and programming of 8086 microprocessor.
To introduce the peripheral interfacing of microprocessors.
To introduce through case studies, the system design principles using 8085 and 8086.
To introduce the h/w architecture, instruction set, programming and interfacing of 8051 microcontroller.

Unit I - INTRODUCTION TO 8 BIT AND 16 BIT MICROPROCESSORS H/W ARCHITECTURE
Introduction to microprocessor, computer and its organization - Programming system,Address bus, data bus and control bus - Tristate bus, clock generation, Connecting Microprocessor to I/O devices - Data transfer schemes, Architectural advancements of microprocessors. - Introductory System design using microprocessors, - 8086Hardware Architecture, External memory addressing, Bus cycles - some important Companion Chips, Maximum mode bus cycle - 8086 system configuration - Memory Interfacing - Minimum mode system configuration - Maximum mode system configuration - Interrupt processing - Direct memory access.

Unit II - 16 BIT MICROPROCESSOR INSTRUCTION SET AND ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE PROGRAMMING
Programmers model of 8086, operand types, operand addressing - assembler directives, instruction set - Data transfer group - Arithmetic group, logical group - control transfer group - miscellaneous instruction groups - Programming.

Unit III - MICROPROCESSOR PERIPHERAL INTERFACING
Introduction, Generation of I/O Ports - Programmable Peripheral Interface (PPIIntel 8255) - Sample-and-Hold Circuit and Multiplexer - Keyboard and Display Interface - Keyboard and Display Controller (8279) - Programmable Interval timers (Intel 8253,8254) - D-to-A converter, A-to-D converter - CRT Terminal Interface - Printer Interface.

Unit IV - 8 BIT MICROCONTROLLER- H/W ARCHITECTURE, INSTRUCTION SET AND PROGRAMMING
Introduction to 8051 Micro-controller - Architecture, Memory organization, - Special function registers, Port Operation - Memory Interfacing - I/O Interfacing, Programming 8051 resources - Interrupts, - Programmers model of 8051 - Operand types, Operand addressing, - Data transfer instructions - Arithmetic instructions, Logic instructions, - Control transfer instructions, Programming

Unit V - SYSTEM DESIGN USING MICRO PROCESSOR & MICROCONTROLLER
Case studies, Traffic light control - washing machine control, - RTC Interfacing using I2C Standard - Motor Control, Relay - PWM - DC & Stepper Motor.

TEXT BOOKS
1. Krishna Kant, MICROPROCESSORS AND MICROCONTROLLERS Architecture,
programming and system design using 8085, 8086, 8051 and 8096. PHI 2007.
2. Douglas V Hall, MICROPROCESSORS AND INTERFACING, PROGRAMMING
AND HARDWARE TMH, 2006.

REFERENCES
1. Muhammad Ali Mazidi, Janice Gillispie Mazidi, Rolin D.MCKinlay The 8051
Microcontroller and Embedded Systems, Second Edition, Pearson Education 2008.
2. Kenneth J. Ayala, The 8086 Microprocessor: Programming & Interfacing The PC,
Delmar Publishers, 2007.
3. A K Ray, K M Bhurchandi, Advanced Microprocessors and Peripherals, TMH, 2007.


EC2306, Digital Signal Processing Lab

OBJECTIVES:
The student should be made to:
To implement Linear and Circular Convolution
To implement FIR and IIR filters
To study the architecture of DSP processor
To demonstrate Finite word length effect

Unit I - MATLAB / EQUIVALENT SOFTWARE PACKAGE
Generation of sequences (functional & random) & correlation - Linear and Circular Convolutions - Spectrum Analysis using DFT - FIR filter design - IIR filter design - Multirate Filters - Equalization - DSP PROCESSOR BASED IMPLEMENTATION: - Study of architecture of Digital Signal Processor - MAC operation using various addressing modes - Linear Convolution - Circular Convolution - FFT Implementation - Waveform generation - IIR and FIR Implementation - Finite Word Length Effect

Books information not available


EC2307, Communication Systems Lab

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - 1.Amplitude modulation and Demodulation
2. Frequency Modulation and Demodulation - 3. Pulse Modulation PAM / PWM / PPM - 4. Pulse Code Modulation - 5. Delta Modulation, Adaptive Delta Modulation. - 6. Digital Modulation & Demodulation ASK, PSK, QPSK, FSK (Hardware & MATLAB) - 7. Designing, Assembling and Testing of Pre-Emphasis / De-emphasis Circuits. - 8. PLL and Frequency Synthesizer - 9. Line Coding - 10. Error Control Coding using MATLAB. - 11. Sampling & Time Division Multiplexing. - 12. Frequency Division Multiplexing,

Books information not available


EC2308, Microprocessors and Microcontrollers Lab

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - Programs(Using 8086)
Programs for 16 bit Arithmetic operations (Using 8086). - Programs for Sorting and Searching (Using 8086). - Programs for String manipulation operations (Using 8086). - Programs for Digital clock and Stop watch (Using 8086). - Interfacing ADC and DAC. - Parallel Communication between two MP Kits using Mode 1 and Mode 2 of 8255. - Interfacing and Programming 8279, 8259, and 8253. - Serial Communication between two MP Kits using 8251. - Interfacing and Programming of Stepper Motor and DC Motor Speed control. - Programming using Arithmetic, Logical and Bit Manipulation instructions of 8051 microcontroller. - Programming and verifying Timer, Interrupts and UART operations in 8051 microcontroller. - Communication between 8051 Microcontroller kit and PC.

Books information not available


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